Who is Oscar Niemeyer?
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012), known as Oscar Niemeyer (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈoskaʁ ni.eˈmajeʁ]), was a Brazilian architect considered to be one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture. Niemeyer was best known for his design of civic buildings for Brasília, a planned city that became Brazil's capital in 1960, as well as his collaboration with other architects on the headquarters of the United Nations in New York. His exploration of the aesthetic possibilities of reinforced concrete was highly influential in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Both lauded and criticized for being a "sculptor of monuments", Niemeyer was hailed as a great artist and one of the greatest architects of his generation by his supporters. He said his architecture was strongly influenced by Le Corbusier, but in an interview, assured that this "didn't prevent [his] architecture from going in a different direction". Niemeyer was most famous for his use of abstract forms and curves and wrote in his memoirs: I am not attracted to straight angles or to the straight line, hard and inflexible, created by man. I am attracted to free-flowing, sensual curves. The curves that I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuousness of its rivers, in the waves of the ocean, and on the body of the beloved woman. Curves make up the entire Universe, the curved Universe of Einstein. Niemeyer was educated at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, and after graduating, he worked at his father's typography house and as a draftsman for local architectural firms. In the 1930s, he interned with Lúcio Costa, with the pair collaborating on the design for the Palácio Gustavo Capanema in Rio de Janeiro. Niemeyer's first major project was a series of buildings for Pampulha, a planned suburb north of Belo Horizonte. His work, especially on the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi, received critical acclaim and drew international attention. Throughout the 1940s and 1950s, Niemeyer became one of Brazil's most prolific architects, working both domestically and overseas. This included the design of the Edifício Copan (a large residential building in São Paulo) and a collaboration with Le Corbusier (and others) on the United Nations Headquarters, which yielded invitations to teach at Yale University and the Harvard Graduate School of Design. In 1956, Niemeyer was invited by Brazil's new president, Juscelino Kubitschek, to design the civic buildings for Brazil's new capital, which was to be built in the centre of the country, far from any existing cities. His designs for the National Congress of Brazil, the Cathedral of Brasília, the Palácio da Alvorada, the Palácio do Planalto, and the Supreme Federal Court, all designed by 1960, were experimental and linked by common design elements. This work led to his appointment as inaugural head of architecture at the University of Brasília, as well as honorary membership of the American Institute of Architects. Due to his largely left-wing ideology, and involvement with the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB), Niemeyer left the country after the 1964 military coup and opened an office in Paris. He returned to Brazil in 1985, and was awarded the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1988. A socialist and atheist from an early age, Niemeyer had spent time in both Cuba and the Soviet Union during his exile, and on his return served as the PCB's president from 1992 to 1996. Niemeyer continued working at the end of the 20th and early 21st century, notably designing the Niterói Contemporary Art Museum (1996) and the Oscar Niemeyer Museum (2002). Over a career of 78 years he designed approximately 600 projects. Niemeyer died in Rio de Janeiro on December 5, 2012, at the age of 104, ten days before his 105th birthday.
In What Year(When) Oscar Niemeyer Died? Date of Death, What Year Did He Die?
In what year Oscar Niemeyer died, in which year he died, questions such as the date of death are being wondered. Oscar Niemeyer passed away in 2012. Oscar Niemeyer full date of death is 04 December 2012. Oscar Niemeyer passed away on this date. In what year Oscar Niemeyer died, the answer to the question is 2012.
How old was Oscar Niemeyer when died?
Oscar Niemeyer died in 2012. Oscar Niemeyer was 105 when he died.
How many years ago did Oscar Niemeyer die?
Oscar Niemeyer died in 2012. So since we are now in 2022, Oscar Niemeyer passed away about 10 years ago.
How many days has Oscar Niemeyer been dead?
It has been approximately 3586 days since Oscar Niemeyer died.
How many months has it been since Oscar Niemeyer died?
Oscar Niemeyer has been dead approximately 120 months.
Where did Oscar Niemeyer die? Place of Death
Oscar Niemeyer closed his eyes on 04 December 2012 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The place of death is Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
When was Oscar Niemeyer born?
Oscar Niemeyer was born on 14 December 1907. Oscar Niemeyer was born in 1907.
Where was Oscar Niemeyer Born? Place of birth
Oscar Niemeyer opened its eyes on 14 December 1907 at Rio de Janeiro. Place of birth is Rio de Janeiro.
How old would Oscar Niemeyer be today if were alive?
Oscar Niemeyer, who died in 2012, would have been 114 if were alive today.
Is Oscar Niemeyer Dead?
Oscar Niemeyer died in 2012. Is Oscar Niemeyer dead? The answer to the question is Yes.