Who is Aloysius Stepinac?
Aloysius Viktor Stepinac (Croatian: Alojzije Viktor Stepinac, 8 May 1898 – 10 February 1960) was a Yugoslav Croat prelate of the Catholic Church. A cardinal, Stepinac served as Archbishop of Zagreb from 1937 until his death, a period which included the fascist rule of the Ustaše over the Axis puppet state the Independent State of Croatia (Croatian: Nezavisna Država Hrvatska or NDH) from 1941 to 1945 during World War II. He was tried by the communist Yugoslav government after the war and convicted of treason and collaboration with the Ustaše regime. The trial was depicted in the West as a typical communist "show trial", and was described by The New York Times as biased against the archbishop. However, Professor John Van Antwerp Fine Jr. is of the opinion that the trial was "carried out with proper legal procedure". In a verdict that polarized public opinion both in Yugoslavia and beyond, the Yugoslav authorities found him guilty on the charge of high treason (for collaboration with the fascist Ustaše regime), as well as complicity in the forced conversions of Orthodox Serbs to Catholicism. Stepinac advised individual priests to admit Orthodox believers to the Catholic Church if their lives were in danger, such that this conversion had no validity, allowing them to return to their faith once the danger passed. He was sentenced to 16 years in prison, but served only five at Lepoglava before being transferred to house arrest with his movements confined to his home parish of Krašić. In 1952 he was designated for elevation to cardinal by Pope Pius XII. He was unable to participate in the 1958 conclave due to the house arrest to which he had been sentenced. On 10 February 1960, still under confinement in Krašić, Stepinac died of polycythemia and other illnesses he contracted while imprisoned. On 3 October 1998, Pope John Paul II declared him a martyr and beatified him before 500,000 Croatians in Marija Bistrica near Zagreb.His record during World War II, conviction, and subsequent beatification remain controversial. On 22 July 2016, the Zagreb County Court annulled his post-war conviction due to "gross violations of current and former fundamental principles of substantive and procedural criminal law". Pope Francis invited Serbian prelates to participate in canonization investigations, but in 2017 a joint commission was only able to agree that "In the case of Cardinal Stepinac, the interpretations that were predominantly given by Catholic Croats and Orthodox Serbs remain divergent".Stella Alexander, author of The Triple Myth, a sympathetic biography of Stepinac, writes about him that Two things stand out. He feared Communism above all (especially above fascism); and he found it hard to grasp that anything beyond the boundaries of Croatia, always excepting the Holy See, was quite real. ... He lived in the midst of apocalyptic events, bearing responsibilities which he had not sought. ... In the end one is left feeling that he was not quite great enough for his role. Given his limitations he behaved very well, certainly much better than most of his own people, and he grew in spiritual stature during the course of his long ordeal. The historian Jozo Tomasevich wrote that while Stepinac is to be commended for his actions on behalf of individuals and groups, as well as his general proclamations of human rights, Stepinac's failure to publicly condemn the genocide against the Serbs "cannot be defended from the standpoint of humanity, justice and common decency". The historian Robert McCormick states, for all the Archbishop's hand wringing, he continued to be a tacit participant in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). He repeatedly appeared in public with the Poglavnik (the Ustaše leader Ante Pavelić), and issued Te Deum's on the anniversary of the NDH's creation. His failure to publicly denounce the Ustaše's atrocities in the name of the NDH, was tantamount to accepting Pavelić's policies. Mark Biondich stated that Stepinac was not an "ardent supporter" of the Ustaše regime legitimating their every policy, but neither was he an "avowed opponent" publicly denouncing their crimes in a systematic manner, that many of his defenders claim.
In What Year(When) Aloysius Stepinac Died? Date of Death, What Year Did He Die?
In what year Aloysius Stepinac died, in which year he died, questions such as the date of death are being wondered. Aloysius Stepinac passed away in 1960. Aloysius Stepinac full date of death is 09 February 1960. Aloysius Stepinac passed away on this date. In what year Aloysius Stepinac died, the answer to the question is 1960.
How old was Aloysius Stepinac when died?
Aloysius Stepinac died in 1960. Aloysius Stepinac was 61 when he died.
How many years ago did Aloysius Stepinac die?
Aloysius Stepinac died in 1960. So since we are now in 2022, Aloysius Stepinac passed away about 62 years ago.
How many days has Aloysius Stepinac been dead?
It has been approximately 22874 days since Aloysius Stepinac died.
How many months has it been since Aloysius Stepinac died?
Aloysius Stepinac has been dead approximately 762 months.
Where did Aloysius Stepinac die? Place of Death
Aloysius Stepinac closed his eyes on 09 February 1960 at Krašić,PR Croatia,FPR Yugoslavia,Croatia. The place of death is Krašić,PR Croatia,FPR Yugoslavia,Croatia.
When was Aloysius Stepinac born?
Aloysius Stepinac was born on 07 May 1898. Aloysius Stepinac was born in 1898.
Where was Aloysius Stepinac Born? Place of birth
Aloysius Stepinac opened its eyes on 07 May 1898 at Brezarić. Place of birth is Brezarić.
How old would Aloysius Stepinac be today if were alive?
Aloysius Stepinac, who died in 1960, would have been 123 if were alive today.
Is Aloysius Stepinac Dead?
Aloysius Stepinac died in 1960. Is Aloysius Stepinac dead? The answer to the question is Yes.